LA Probation Oversight Commission

Supervisors Vote Unanimously to Trigger a Civilian Oversight Commission With Teeth for the Nation’s Largest Probation Department

Photo by David Franco Photographer // Board of Supervisors
Celeste Fremon
Written by Celeste Fremon

On Tuesday, October 1, the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors voted unanimously—and historically—to create a civilian oversight body with the power to steer the nation’s largest probation department through the process of fundamental reform.

The fact that LA County Probation urgently needs to reinvent itself is no longer up for debate.

After more than a decade of pinning hopes on a variety of routes toward reform—-including nearly nine years of federal oversight of probation’s juvenile camps, a revolving door of probation chiefs, and enough expensive reports to fill a medium-sized library—on May 1, 2018, the LA County Board of Supervisors finally took a leap of faith and voted unanimously to create an independent oversight commission to act as a watchdog for the county’s chronically troubled department.

The May 1, 2018 vote by the board wisely organized the creation of the new commission as a two-step process.

The first step was for the county CEO’s office to establish a  temporary blue ribbon “Probation Reform and Implementation Team”—or PRIT—that would be tasked with researching and creating a detailed plan for how this new Probation Oversight Commission, (POC) ought to function. This included a sub-plan for how the existing Office of Inspector General could expand its duties and powers to provide an investigative arm for the new commission.

After 15 months of existence, during which a series of well-attended public listening sessions were held across Los Angeles County—meetings that attracted sometimes up to a couple of hundred community members, justice advocates, invited subject matter experts, and an increasingly large group of working probation staff members— the PRIT, examined all that it had learned, and delivered its 28-page  plan for creating the POC on June 5 of this year.

Then on August 9, it followed up with a detailed reform template that distilled what was best out of those many high-priced reports, along with all that the PRIT and its advisors learned during the many hours of public hearings—then laid out a roadmap for transforming the department.

Now Tuesday’s passage of the motion authored by Supervisors Mark Ridley-Thomas and Hilda Solis has triggered the actual formation of the much anticipated Probation Oversight Commission (POC), utilizing all that the PRIT has designed and discovered.

Furthermore, the new POC, will be endowed with enough in the way authority and “codified powers,” that it can fulfill its various mandates.

In short, unlike its very good but powerless probation commission predecessor, the soon-to-be-formed POC will be an oversight commission with teeth.

According to the now passed motion, the POC is to be made up of nine commissioners.  One commissioner is to be  “formerly justice system involved;” at least one commissioner would be a ” family member of someone who is currently or formerly justice-involved;” and at least one commissioner would be a lawyer  or judge with “juvenile or criminal justice expertise.” And an additional five members would be chosen, one each, by the members of the board.

The criteria for the last member of the nine-member body is left a bit more open, and many believe that spot should be filled by someone who has previously worked for the department.

In addition to the nine, there will also be three “at large” members who will provide liaisons to the community, probation staff members, and others.

Oh, and the Office of the Inspector General will be empowered to “investigate” matters involving the probation department.  That empowerment would include “the ability to issue subpoenas at the direction of and on behalf of the POC.”  In short:  subpoena power.

And once the OIG has those powers in relation to probation oversight, it’s presumably a very short step for the Inspector General to have similar powers in relation to the oversight of the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department.

There’s lots more, which we’ll explore at more length in an upcoming story.  But now you have at least a general idea of the historic step the five LA County Supervisors took unanimously on Tuesday afternoon.

Top photo by David Franco, Photographer // Board of Supervisors


  • Celeste, could you explain exactly what you mean by the POC having teeth? They are another toothless wonder, made up of people appointed by the board of supervisors, beholden to the board and no one else. You pine for subpoena power as some sort of panacea of good governance, but you tell me when this inspector general is going to subpoena communications between the board and their appointed department heads. It will never happen and you know it.

    You think that is the model of success to rein in those rascals at the LASD? Sorry Celeste, your unwavering support for the BOS is duly noted, but be careful you don’t run across one of those “justice involved” individuals and experience a “negative outcome.” In the real world, this is just another layer of bureaucracy to shield the board from being held accountable for their failures.

  • Fed Up is correct about the BOS being shielded from accountability. Their first move in that direction was changing the title of Chief Administrative Officer to Chief Executive Officer, a change that added the responsibility of directly overseeing the department heads. The BOS appoints the department heads, but when they screw up, it’s the CEO’s fault. Brilliant!

  • The BOS needs an oversight body to hold them accountable for the mess they made of the Detention Services Bureau. An endless parade of Chiefs, outright awful promotions to DSB Bureau Chief and Superintendent, a purge of line staff and supes (ignoring the powers that let it be) tore this Bureau into tatters. Now the decision makers are insulating themselves further from their incompetence. It’s hard not to see this as deliberate sabotage.

  • “It will never happen and you know it” I don’t think she does, no matter how many times Witness la reports on bureaucratic failure, the solution is always a new bureaucratic solution. Celeste has faith in the system, to her it’s just a matter of the right people being in power.

  • “The BOS needs an oversight body to hold them accountable for the….”

    It’s got that–the Electorate.

    The BOS is an elected body.

  • The LA County bloated bureaucracy reminds me of a game of Jenga, only in the LA County game instead of the game being a tall tower, it is an inverted pyramid. Failure is inevitable.

  • And the progress continues – a revolving door of poor Chiefs that don’t understand the agency or governance in L.A. County and a civilian board with a lot of power. What could go wrong?
    At some point, the County might as well close all juvenile detention facilities (and that appears to be the goal, doesn’t it?) and let all the do gooders set up private facilities to deal with this population.
    Fed Up, I get it re the Board. While they are elected, the electorate is largely sound asleep. The Board responds to hysteria and what is politically popular as opposed to behaving in an even handed, ethical manner. With perhaps one exception, they all need to go.

  • If you get a subpoena from these nitwits;don’t obey it! There is NO LEGAL STANDING for this commission.If you want to change things then vote out every single member of the BOS! We get what we vote for!

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