Sheriff Lee Baca The Trial of Lee Baca

Lee Baca Trial: The Prosecution Rests With Fed Judge’s Account of Furious Sheriff, and the Defense Calls a Speedy List of Character Witnesses

Celeste Fremon
Written by Celeste Fremon

THE TRIAL OF LEE BACA: The Prosecution Rests With a Window Into Baca’s Anger, and the Defense Works to Counter the Image

At 1:15 PM on Thursday, December 15, the U.S. Government rested its criminal case against former LA County Sheriff Lee Baca. The last witness for the prosecution was U.S. District Court Judge Andre Birotte.

As the prosecutors worked to complete their “heartbeat of the conspiracy” theory of the case against the former sheriff, Birotte’s testimony provided a dramatic finish.

Then, on Friday, the defense team began calling their own witnesses, (a process they began briefly the afternoon before). One of the first to take the stand was Michael Genneco the former federal civil rights attorney who now heads up the Office of Independent Review, which for years provided oversight of the sheriff’s department, but could not seem to stop the ongoing abuse in the jails. Baca’s attorneys likely hoped Gennaco would contradict—or at least substantially reframe—any damage Birotte had done to their client’s case.

More on the defense and Gennaco later, but first about Birotte.

Prior to being nominated for the federal bench by Barack Obama on April 3, 2014, Andre Birotte was the U.S. Attorney, which means he was the chief federal law enforcement officer for the Central District of California, a district that is comprised of seven counties, from San Luis Obispo County to the north to Orange, San Bernardino and Riverside counties to the south and east. Before being the U.S.A., Birotte was the Inspector General of the LAPD—AKA the LA Police Department’s watchdog.

Early in his testimony Judge Birotte made it clear that he had personally authorized the FBI’s undercover investigation delving into allegations of abuse and corruption by deputies against inmates in the county’s jails.


Birotte said he became aware of “allegations of excessive force” that could constitute a pattern of abuse inside the jails based on various reports, including the accounts of inmate put out by the ACLU. When the allegations and reports of abuse and other wrongdoing kept on coming he okayed the FBI’s proposed undercover operation “to see if any deputies” working in the large, old and chronically troubled Men’s Central Jail were provably “engaged in corruption,” by running a sting to see “if a deputy would take a bribe for bringing in contraband.”

At least one deputy—namely Gilbert Michel— took the bait. And, as the probe progressed Birotte said he felt it was appropriate to let it remain undercover.

Furthermore, it was Birotte who made the decision not to inform the officials of the Los Angeles Sheriff’s department that the LASD was the subject of an undercover investigated by the feds.

“I didn’t think it was proper to notify the head of the agency that we were investigating,” he said. “We wanted to preserve the integrity of the investigation.”

This decision did not please former sheriff Lee Baca, who—according to Birotte, after he became aware of the investigation and of the existence of confidential informant, Anthony Brown—made his feelings clear in a variety of ways.

For one thing, Baca asked for a meeting with the U.S. Attorney, which took place on August 29, eleven days after Baca first learned of the existence a contraband cell phone that was linked to the FBI along with confidential informant/jail inmate Anthony Brown.

Birotte said Baca specifically asked that the FBI be excluded from the meeting.

The former sheriff was accompanied to the meeting by undersheriff Paul Tanaka, Michael Gennaco, of the Office of Independent review, and County Counsel, in other words, the LASD’s lawyers.

“But it was Lee who did most of the talking,” said Birotte.

“He was very unhappy about the [FBI’s] investigation.


Birotte recalled the afternoon, a little over ten days after that first the meeting, when he got a call from the Chief of Public Corruption in his office, a man named Lawrence Middleton.

“The LAPD are outside an agent’s door,” said Middleton. He meant the door of Special FBI agent Leah Marx.

Weird, Birotte thought, and called his friend Earl Paysinger, who was then Assistant Chief of the Los Angeles Police Department.

Paysinger said knew nothing about such an action.

Then Middleton called back. It wasn’t the LAPD, it was the LASD.

“When he said that, I thought, ‘Oh, God. Okay.’” Birotte told the court adding, “ “Quite frankly things were tense” between the federal agencies, “and the LASD.”

Birotte called Baca on the sheriff’s cell to find out what, in fact, was true.

“Is one of my agents getting arrested?” If so, he needed to know, said Birotte.

According to the judge, in what phone records show to be a 22-minute phone call, Baca told him that, no, there would be no arrest of Marx, suggesting that Baca assuredly knew about the approach to Marx by two of his sergeants. (The jury had, by this time, seen the video of Marx being threatened outside her home by former LASD sergeants Scott Craig and Maricella Long.) And that he likely knew about the false threat.

“The role of the department of Justice, the federal government, is to investigate crimes of this nature,” said Birotte of the undercover investigation and the LASD’s escalating reaction to it. “I never thought it would get to this point. I really didn’t.”

When Birotte and company and Baca and company met again on September 26, 2011 Baca’s anger at the FBI and the US Attorney’s office did not seem at all ameliorated, according to Birotte. To add additional tension, before the this new meeting began Baca handed a letter to Birotte, containing a surprising set of demands.

The letter, dated September 26, 2011, (which you can find here) was a remarkable document.

In it, Baca expressed his continuing state of pique over a list of things. He was angry about all the subpoenas for records the department had received from the FBI as part of the feds’ continuing investigation into brutality and corruption in the jails. Baca that the FBI was, in fact, unqualified to investigate brutality in the jails, that the LASD alone had the experience and the know-how to do such an investigation.

“Due to the FBI’s aforementioned incompetence in investigating alleged civil rights violations concerning force taken by deputy sheriffs,” Baca wrote, he wanted the US Attorney and his office to “ameliorate”—AKA dial back—support from the federal investigation into wrongdoing in his jails, and instead “support the Sheriff’’s Department’s investigation to it’s conclusion.”

And, just to make sure Birotte received the message that he better get with the program and dump the FBI’s probe into department wrongdoing in favor of the LASD’s far superior work, Baca threatened to pull the sheriff’s department out of all the “many ongoing joint missions” in which the department participates with the FBI “due to the breach of trust that will take time and corrective action to heal.”

Since the August meeting, Baca’s anger about what he believed was the FBI’s wrongdoing, had gotten worse, not better. It was “the most upset I’ve ever seen him,” said Birotte.

Hoping to calm the waters, Birotte convene still another meeting the following day. This time, with only the sheriff, himself, and head of the FBI’s LA office, Steve Martinez.

The waters stayed roiled.


“I’m the goddamn sheriff,” Birotte said Baca said, although the judge edited the exclamation to “g-d sheriff.” This is my g-d jail.

Then, at some point, as tempers were highest Birotte said Baca turned to Martinez and said, “So do you want to gun up?? In other words, he threatened an all our war between the two agencies.

Baca said he told then sheriff Baca that his views on the FBI’s undercover operation and the cell phone in the jail were “not well taken.”

“I said, Lee, look, you know we didn’t do anything wrong. Your deputies do this sort of thing all the time during investigations.

“And your deputy took a bribe.”

With Birotte, the witness stepped down and the U.S. rested.

On Friday, the defense called Cecil Rhambo, Mike Genneco, and a series of other factual and character witnesses that included former Los Angeles County district attorneys Ira Reiner and Steve Cooley.

Defense attorney Hochman told the court that his client, who had considered testifying, would not be taking the stand.

On Monday, the defense may or may not call one more witness.

Then the court will hear approximately 4 1/2 hours of closing arguments.

So….stay tuned.


  • It’s priceless, absolutely priceless that Baca got all pissed off about the phone being smuggled in. Saying shit like: “They can’t break the law to enforce the law”. Here we have the LA County Sheriff, the leader of the organization that just loves to tout itself as the “Premier law enforcement agency in the world”, proving to everybody that he doesn’t even have a basic understanding of what the law allows and how the FBI works. Uh huh. That’s right boys and girls, the sheriff himself was too fucking stupid to know that what the FBI was doing was not illegal.
    Dr. Baca? The Zen Master? A visionary?
    Too bad the idiot didn’t have the basic working knowledge of the law that most second week patrol trainees have. I guess early on in this clusterfuck nobody had the balls to advise the New Age guru that the FBI had legal standing to do what they did. So now Moonbeam thinks he’s got an ace in the hole when dealing with this bullshit. Then his ego gets involved. Then people end up going to prison.
    Why? Because Leroy Baca is felony fucking stupid while at the same time being an egomaniac.

  • Wow ! Great reporting Celeste…..Nothing like facts being brought out into the open to open eyes.
    I still cant get over that move to intimidate the FBI Agent. ( She is a nice person) What a Mistake that was !

  • Celeste,

    Thank you very much for posting the letter from Dr. Baca to Mr. Birotte. I’ve heard of the letter’s existence, but this was the first opportunity to actually read it.

    In my comments on previous articles, I questioned exactly what “Felony” Special Agent Marx (nee Tanner) was suspected of committing when she received the “tune-up” visit from Sgts. Long and Craig. There is no statutory provision in California law that specifically forbids one to supply a cell phone to a county jail inmate (although one does exist in the case of facilities operated by the CDCR). One responsive commenter suggested that Ms. Marx was had criminal liability under California’s Conspiracy statute (PC section 182).

    California’s Conspiracy statute is quite unique. It allows a felony penalty to be imposed on folks who “Conspire” to commit a crime no more serious than a traffic infraction. That’s been the subject of a couple of graveyard shift coffee spot conversations during my deputy years. We’d often joke among ourselves about finding two kids on their way to graffiti a wall, taking them to jail, and thereby getting credit for two felony arrests. Our conversations were simply in jest. No responsible watch commander would be accepting of that conduct.

    I’m really having a hard time accepting that the “Pandora’s Box” gang seems to have done just that. Has anyone seen a copy of the Search Warrant application that Sgt. Craig submitted to Judge Torribio? I really like to see that document, if only for the entertainment value.

    For the record, the introduction of the cell phone into the jail was quite reckless, the FBI’s decision to do so appears to be based only on consideration of their interests (I saw no evidence of any consultations with the Sheriff’s supervisor (refer to GC 12560), which would have been appropriate since the Sheriff appeared to have personal involvement). My point is that the manner of the Sheriff’s response was far beneath the level of his office.

    I also noted, with great interest, the reference to Penal Code section 4573 in Dr. Baca’s letter. That section proscribes the delivery of controlled substances into a jail facility (and this one does apply to a county facility). I haven’t seen any previous discussion or trial testimony indicating that Ms. Marx supplied Mr. Brown with any controlled substances. Does anyone know the background on this part of Dr. Baca’s letter?

  • C: Please give the entire list of defense wits. Unless they are all in the article. Your thoughts as to why Waldie, Stonich or Myron weren’t called?

  • Nice job, Celeste. The same idiot who wrote that letter must have written the search warrant, too. When you spend so much time getting away with bogus calls, you forget some of the folks in the rest of the L.E. community aren’t just as corrupt.

  • The members of the L.E. community not on trial who are not corrupt are trying to make the cut for the new “Keystone Cops ” movie…..

  • My first reaction to the failed prosecution of Leroy was anger. How could this jury not convict him for what he did ? Baca failed as a leader in each and every position he held on his way up in the Department. I remember him when he briefly was a Sgt. At Temple. the Deps. Basically ignored him and did their job correctly. during his career rumors abounded of womanizing and wife beating. Baca had a propensity to promote and surround himself with sycophants and this shielded him from the truth.

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