DJJ Watch

New Report Says CA Endangers Kids in State’s Youth Prisons As COVID Round 2 Continues to Rise

Celeste Fremon
Written by Celeste Fremon

A new report and accompanying fact sheet from the Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice (CJCJ), shows that California made serious mistakes in its handling of COVID-19 in the Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), the state’s youth prison system.

Unfortunately, these errors in judgement continue as the state is being hit with COVID, Round 2, according to CJCJ policy analysts and the report’s authors, Maureen Washburn and Renée Menart.

As many readers are aware, at the end of September 2020, Governor Gavin Newsom signed SB 823, a budget trailer bill that will lead to the phase out and then the shutdown of the state’s troubled and violent youth lock-ups.

But the phase out won’t begin until July 2021. In the meantime, Washburn and Menart’s report shows that the three main DJJ facilities — two in Stockton, one in Ventura — are a dangerous mess, particularly when it comes to the way the state’s youth prison system has dealt with the ongoing threat of COVID-19 to health and well being of the young people in its care.

At the beginning of the pandemic, Governor Newsom wisely stopped California’s counties from sending additional kids to the state’s various youth facilities. (At the same time, Newsom also shutoff the flow of new residents to the state’s adult prisons.)

Consequently, in the youth facilities, at least, there was no outbreak for the first three months after the pandemic arrived in the state in earnest.

Then, on May 25, 2020, the governor and the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) inexplicably decided that DJJ could reopen its doors, meaning that CA’s counties began shipping kids to the state’s youth lock-ups again.  Those in the reopened pipeline prominently included Los Angeles County kids, who consistently account for around 22 percent of the youth and young adults in DJJ.

In any case, the reopening was a serious mistake.

Open Dormitories at DJJ’s O.H. Close facility, courtesy of CJCJ

On June 14 — twenty days after DJJ threw wide its doors — the youth system got its first young person who tested positive for the virus at the NA Chaderjian Youth Correctional Facility (otherwise known as CHAD) located in Stockton.

On June 18, a second CHAD kid tested positive, followed by a third youth on June 22.

A few days later still, in Stockton’s second youth prison, OH Close, two kids were sent to the onsite medical housing unit with temperatures and other virus symptoms.

On July 17, the first youth tested positive for the virus at DJJ’s Ventura Youth Correctional Facility.

On July 30th, DJJ authorities finally got a grip on common sense and once again slammed closed the pipeline that brought the kids in the counties’ juvenile halls to the state facilities.

But it was too late.   The COVID genie was fully out of the bottle and DJJ found itself unable to control the spread of the virus.

Within two weeks of the first Ventura kid testing positive for COVID-19, 38 more kids tested positive for the  virus at the Ventura facility.  By mid-August, the number grew to more than 60 youth who had COVID-19 in Ventura.

By summer’s end, DJJ’s Ventura facility ranked sixth out of a thousand U.S. youth facilities, when it came to COVID-19 infected kids.

In all, 70 kids in the system tested positive for the virus.

Random mask use and random testing

Yet, bringing new youth from outside DJJ into the facilities was only part of the problem, according to Washburn and Menart’s report.

Once COVID-19 entered the youth prison system, it was aided in making its way through the DJJ facilities due to the behavior of many staff members who walked between DJJ units interacting with kids — all without wearing protective masks, or wearing them only intermittently.

The authors were given first hand accounts of this no-mask behavior and other forms of recklessness,  by other unhappy staff members and parents with kids in DJJ, who expressed their distress at the failure of supervisors to enforce even the basic COVID precautions.

Even some high-level administrators failed to comply with DJJ’s face covering guidelines when they visited the youth prisons, according to Washburn and Menart, thus “sending a message to subordinates that [masks] were not required.”

The CJCJ report is consistent with what WitnessLA has been hearing from our own sources.

For instance, Daniel Miranda, a 24-year-old who was released from CHAD three weeks ago, described some of careless policies he’d witnessed at the prison since pandemic began,

Miranda told, for example, of  one staff member, whom we’ll call Robert, who was displaying worrisome COVID-like symptoms that caused the youth in his unit to worry.

“He was sneezing, coughing, and sweating a lot. You could see he was sick.”

Yet, all management did was take Robert’s temperature, according to Miranda.   It turned out staff member Robert did have a temperature, so he was sent him home.

Yet, Robert was not tested.

“He came back to work the next day. And they let him inside the hall to work,” said Miranda told us.  And, no, Robert didn’t wear a mask, “and you could tell he was sick.”  A few days later,  Robert was reportedly again displaying symptoms.  This time, however, the man’s temperature was  “higher.”  Again he was sent home, but soon returned.

According to Miranda, eventually staff member Robert  told a supervisor that his roommate had tested positive for the virus.

Finally, the staffer was tested.  This time “he was not allowed to return to his job until he texted negatively for the virus,” Miranda said.

Meanwhile, youth who’d repeatedly been in contact with Robert, were not quarantined at all, Miranda said.

The CJJ report, along with the accounts of Miranda and others, is also consistent with a recently-released investigation by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG), which found “inconsistent mask use” by California’s prison staff in the adult prisons, a failure the OIG attributed, in part, “to poor enforcement by supervisors.”

“Although the department distributed cloth face coverings to its staff and incarcerated population,” wrote the OIG, “and also implemented physical distancing requirements, our staff observed that staff and incarcerated persons frequently failed to adhere to those basic safety protocols.” And, “supervisors and managers did not sufficiently enforce these requirements.”

Unless departmental management, clearly communicates consistent face covering guidelines that are enforceable, “and effectively ensures that its managers and supervisors consistently take disciplinary action when they observe noncompliance,” concluded the CDCR’s Inspector General, Roy W. Wesley, “the department will continue to undermine its ability to enforce basic safety protocols, increasing the risk of additional, preventable infections of COVID-19.”

The same is true of the DJJ.

So what about COVID-19, round 2?

“COVID-19 is a life-threatening illness that has killed hundreds of young people across the United States and impacted the health of countless more,” wrote the report’s authors.

Fortunately, DJJ has had no COVID deaths. Yet, what the DJJ has no way of knowing is what longterm effects may show up over time for those young people who acquired the virus due bad decisions by higher-ups, and unchecked carelessness by many.

For example, the outcome of a recent large study by researchers at Oxford University indicated that one in five COVID patients may develop COVID-related mental illness.

The World Health Organization noted in a September 2020 report that prolonged post-COVID illness can occur in young adults and children who are diagnosed with COVID, even those “without chronic underlying medical conditions.”

In other words, wrote the CJCJ authors, those who survive the infection “may experience lasting effects, such as irreversible damage to their lungs, heart, or brain  (Mayo Clinic, 2020).”  Thus, “by failing to act quickly and in accordance with public health guidelines, DJJ put hundreds of young lives at risk.”

And, as the risk of another large-scale COVID-19 outbreak continues to rise, DJJ has resumed admitting youth from across the state, “in defiance of best practices,” noted Menart and Washburn.

“The COVID-19 crisis reveals inexcusable deficiencies within DJJ and demonstrates an urgency to plan for its closure as California shifts responsibility for these youth from the state to local alternatives,” the policy analysts wrote.

Meanwhile,”DJJ’s dangerous conditions, which include lengthy and isolating periods of quarantine, when kids have been kept in small, one-person cells for up to 22 hours each day, also impact “the mental, and emotional health of hundreds of youth, particularly Black and brown youth.”

This means the state must act swiftly to prevent another dangerous COVID outbreak,” write Menart and Washburn,  to protect the physical health of youth, and to “ensure the overall well-being of all young people inside DJJ facilities.”

In short, immediate action is called for.


  • Witness la doesn’t really report news in the classical sense. Witness la has an agenda and all stories are either twisted to support this agenda or ignored. Witness la wants all your basic common criminals released from prison so of course witness la’s answer to the covid crisis is to empty the jails.

    At least this time Celeste made a half hearted attempt to answer the question of what is the actual effect of Covid on these infected “wards of the state”. No deaths, but then she goes on to engage in, and report on, a lot of speculation of what “may happen” to these wards sometime in the future. Obviously not much is happening or she would have jumped on the chance to exploit it. But it was mentioned, so I guess that’s progress.

  • @ Maj Kong, all joking aside.

    Q – Where else would your life rank in notoriety if you didn’t brand yourself on witnessLA.

  • Curious, Seeing how Maj Kong isn’t my real name and I prefer to remain anonymous, I don’t see how your question is relevant. Kind of defeats the whole notoriety thing, no?

  • Madame Kong, what is “news in the classical sense?” What period of history does the “classical” refer to? Is that news a la Fox? Please share where you get your news. Few people have as biased and warped sense of reality as my portly uniformed friends on this site. I wouldn’t doubt that your news comes from Fox, or the Klan Tribune, maybe the Turner Diaries, or Proud Boys Gazette.

    And, since when does Celeste owe you anything? Must she report on kittens? On trade deals? on medicine? She does what she wants on her site. This is America. If you and your portly comrades feeding on the government trough do not like it, please start your own site. I would love to see that site….. and comment on it. But, alas you will not because this site is what gives your lives some meaning; a place to vent your anger at the black man and express your fear that the world is going to hell in a hand basket since colored folk, women and homosexuals no longer no their place.

    And, while you are it, please tell me what are “common criminals?” Do the officers that diddle little cadets count as common criminals? Or, the officers submitting fraudulent disability claims? How about the ones with child porn on their computer? Or, the ones driving under the influence? Or, perjuring themselves on the stand? The ones stealing drugs from the evidence locker? Or, the ones planting drugs on folks? These are just some of the LAPD criminals that common to mind. Are these “common criminals?”

  • Of course it’s not your real, however it reveals your opinions & perspective.

    Curious (not caring) if you hold such a captive audience in real life, I doubt it.

  • Greg, it doesn’t have to be like this, whoever wounded you so deeply probably doesn’t even remember doing it. Carrying around all this hate hurts you a lot more than them.

  • Let’s just hope Celeste and Taylor love California.
    Since the rhetoric they love so much is destroying a once decent state I’d hate to see them spread the virus to other states.

    Stay in blue California please. Your illness isn’t welcome anywhere else.

  • I have a Blog, have for years. Not related to anything you could speak on, you’re not educated enough on the subject. Not for the uninformed on the subject material the Blog covers. Not for racists and haters. A very diverse group of followers. I know some very tough “Portly” cops who can take care of anything that came up. I don’t fit that description but you have no idea how tough some people are that might not look it, fact is you’re a nitwit. You have obvious major physical limitations, in fact I’m sure of it. That’s why you yap so much about cops. You talk so much on police crimes yet they commit so little compared to the general population, specifically in the areas you constantly mention. Like I’ve said, you are a gigantic bore. You have no game. You are a little man with nothing to bring to any conversation but hate. You back nothing up with facts, just innuendo and trash talk. You couldn’t walk in my shoes or any of my partners for one night. Your mom probably regrets not showing her support for Planned Parenthood when she found out she was carrying you…if only. Now have City Dweller give you a big hug and make it all better Missy.

  • Since you don’t care, then you’re not really curious are you? B.t.w. You’re commenting anonymously so you’re doing exactly the same thing that I’m doing. So perhaps you should ask yourself the same question.

  • @ Fife – AKA Sure Fire,

    You have switched pen names but your copy & paste narrative remains the same. You rant and rave like a senile old man with no hobbies, bummer.

    Four more years to hear you again will be fine for grits & giggles.
    What about those White Sox’s, lol.

  • Sure Fire? Copy and Paste? White Sox? Never seen the name and I don’t copy and paste anything. Why would I care about any Chicago team? Old man, I’m in diapers compared to you. That’s all you have? No wonder you failed in the cop world. Just shooting in the dark, but no real instincts. Just like in the real world. Now get back to the can collecting.

  • Why is this awaiting moderation? I saw it was gone, now this fucking bullshit? I didn’t violate any posting rules so what’s up? Your little pet here thinks I’m someone I’ve never even seen here based on fucking what, he had a blog? Millions of people do, wtf is wrong with you dumb shits?

  • Use your own blog, Bif!
    This isn’t your PS4 so stop whining when things don’t go your way. Geez!

    You frigg’n millennials are delusional.

  • Maybe the “little Angeles” can learn from their role models in CDC.

    Yeah…and we should she’d a year for these “justice involved individuals”. Oh…dint argue this is an isolated or “anectdotal incident” or that it’s unfair to generalize. You and your media breathern do not spare “generalizing” bad behavior of a few when it comes to police or supports tour “cause”.

  • Why can’t I reply to Chicago Fire’s last comment? You control that option don’t you Celeste? I can’t do it, so….. Gee, wonder who that makes him/her, CF? Game…Set….Match. Happy Thanksgiving Split…think about it.

  • Editor’s note:

    Dear Fife,

    As it happens, you’re not the center of the universe.

    1. I’ve not blocked anything of yours for weeks.

    2. I was slow on moderation because, on the day before Thanksgiving, I was spending time with my son and my four-year-old grandson, as I am doing today.

    One more round of swearing at me or anyone else and you’re blocked permanently.

    May everyone here have a safe and happy Thanksgiving.


  • @ Fife,
    You need to seriously power down, too many Monster drinks mixed with rage makes a strong concoction of a potty mouth and rudeness.

    Enjoy your weekend and count to ten before speaking or writing, so you don’t blow a gasket.

  • So my comments usually go up with no mention of moderation but some times..poof, awaiting moderation. Can you explain to me how that works? Is swearing ok if you don’t direct it at someone because I just saw it in a post? Don’t want to break the rules. Last question, why can’t I replay on some posts, just wondering? CF calls us, in my profession horrendous names and you let it go, always. Worse than any obscenity I could come up with. That’s ok in your world…why?

    Thank you.

  • Don’t ever think you can tell me what to do, not ever. You’re more than one person here. I’m me, just me. Someone you never want to run into. Potty mouth, nope, I’m a Boy Scout compared to your other “CF”. Now back to your basement.

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