At WitnessLA we try to keep you informed about new and important research that relates to the worlds of justice and injustice on which we report.
Occasionally, however, due to competing journalistic priorities, along with daily time constraints, we fail to write about relevant reports and/or studies, even when we think they are worth your time
With this dilemma in mind, we are adding new section that will allow us to quickly draw your attention — via short briefs — to a new study or report that we don’t want you to miss.
The story below, by University of Washington researchers, Moshen Naghavi, Eve Wool, and Fablina Sharara, pertains to their recently published study, which examines the undercounting of fatal shootings by police.
Their short write-up, which first appeared in The Conversation, is an example of the quickie briefs we will feature in the future.
So read on.
Police killings of civilian & faulty numbers
The number of people killed by police officers in the U.S. has been massively underreported in official statistics over the past four decades, with an additional 17,000 deaths over that period, according to our new research.
Our study, which was published on Oct. 2, 2021, in The Lancet, compared statistics from the National Vital Statistics System, a federal database that looks at death certificates, with data from three nongovernmental organizations that more accurately track police violence: Mapping Police Violence, Fatal Encounters, and The Counted.
We found more than 30,000 deaths from police violence between 1980 and 2018. During that time, the National Vital Statistics System underreported fatal police violence by 55.5%.
The figures confirm that fatal police violence in the United States disproportionately affects Black, Indigenous and Hispanic people compared with white Americans. Black Americans were 3.5 times more likely to be killed by police than white Americans over the study period. Indigenous and Hispanic Americans were nearly twice as likely to be killed at the hands of law enforcement as white Americans.
Since 1980, the racial disparities in rates of fatal police violence have remained largely unchanged or worsened in some cases, according to our figures.
Why it matters
Police violence, like all violence, can be prevented.
The systemic racism that drives police violence is a threat to public health. We hope that our estimates of the underreporting of police violence will spur improvements to the accurate reporting of police violence in the death investigation system.
This study was one of the longest of its kind and covers all 50 states by race and ethnicity. As such, we also hope the comprehensive estimates as well as the existing nongovernmental data can be used for targeted, meaningful changes to policing and public safety that will prevent loss of life by highlighting areas of concern.
What still isn’t known
This paper does not calculate or address non-fatal injuriesattributed to police violence, police officers killed by civilians, police violence in overseas U.S. territories like Puerto Rico, or residents who may have been harmed by military police in the United States or abroad.
Because this study relied on death certificates, which only allow for a binary designation of sex, we were unable to estimate fatal police violence against non-cisgender people, potentially masking the disproportionately high rates of violence against trans people, particularly Black trans people.
Next, our research group is working on a publication on global fatal violence to increase the body of literature on violence as a public health issue.
We also will continue to review police violence estimates produced by the Global Burden of Disease study for all locations to improve reporting on this cause of death.
Finally, we will work to improve cause of death data quality to make the best information available for public health interventions.
For those who want to know more on the topic, the authors’ academic article on the study was published in the September 30 Lancet, which you can find here.
And the abstract of the study may be found here.
Co-author Moshen Naghavi is Professor of Health Metric Science at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington.
Co-author Eve Wool is a research manager at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington.
Co-author Fablina Sharara is a researcher at the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington
The photo above is via the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department