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Court Rules Police Are Protected As Whistleblowers….. Judge Awards $3 Million to Parents of Zac Champommier….WWED? What Would Elmore Do?….and More Sheriff Challenger Interviews


The decision on Wednesday by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals is very interesting, and also very important.

Here’s the deal: A former Burbank police detective, Angelo Dahlia, said he was suspended after reporting that fellow officers had beaten suspects and then told him to keep his mouth shut about it. After witnessing the abuse, he first reported what he had seen to his direct superior, but was told to “stop his sniveling,” according to the court. Any further attempts were met with the same dismissal.

Next Dahlia went to Burbank PD’s Internal Affairs, and the real retaliating allegedly began.

When Dahlia finally went outside his agency and talked to investigators from the Los Angeles Sheriff’s Department, and eventually to the FBI, he was reportedly directly threatened by one of the Burbank PD’s lieutenants who, according to the ruling, warned Dahlia, “Fuck with me and I will put a case on you, and put you in jail.” Plus there were reportedly other unpleasant retaliations.

And then he was put on administrative leave.

So he sued.

A lower court tossed out his lawsuit, contending that Dahlia’s actions did not constitute whistleblower activity, so were not eligible for First Amendment protections because, according to a 2009 ruling, Huppert v. City of Pittsburg, as a law enforcement office, reporting wrongdoing was a part of his job.

The 9th circuit disagreed. They ruled that, the moment Dahlia went outside of the Burbank PD, he should be accorded the same First Amendment protection as a private citizen.

So they reinstated his lawsuit.

This ruling, which may be appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, struck down Huppert, which had denied cops most whistleblower protection, to set an important new precedent.

“The practical reality,” wrote a court member, “is that quite a few police officers are reluctant to report acts of police abuse committed by their fellow officers. The ‘officer code of silence’ describes the understanding that “an officer does not provide adverse information against a fellow officer. The public’s trust is diminished when a law enforcement officer abides by the code of silence to cover up misconduct engaged in by fellow officers. To strengthen the public’s confidence in the integrity of its law enforcement officers, it is essential that an officer be encouraged or required to report misconduct committed by fellow officers.”


Scott Michelman, attorney for the advocacy group, Public Citizen, which helped to bring the appeal, credited the decision with helping to ensure transparency when “public officials are engaging in misconduct,” writes Tim Hull, reporting for The Courthouse News Service.

“Courageous police officers like Angelo Dahlia are in many circumstances the public’s best or even only available source of information about police corruption and abuse,” Michelman said in a statement.

Sources tell us that the ruling will come as very good news to the various members of the Los Angeles Sheriff’s department who have filed lawsuits against the department for alleged retaliation when they attempted to blow the whistle on LASD corruption and abuse.


This case goes back to the tragic 2010 shooting of 18-year-old Zachary Champommier that WLA reported on here and here.

Both Frank Stoltze of KPCC and The Associate Press were in court and have reports that will give you the details.

Here are two clips from Stoltze’s story:

In a rare ruling against a federal law enforcement officer, a judge in Los Angeles on Wednesday found an undercover U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration agent committed battery when he shot and killed an 18-year-old man in the parking lot of a San Fernando Valley strip mall in 2010.

U.S. District Judge Michael Fitzgerald awarded the parents of Zachary Champommier $3 million dollars in general damages. Champommier had graduated from Granada Hills High School three weeks before his death.


The incident occurred as plainclothes DEA agents and L.A. County Sheriff’s Deputies gathered outside a Studio City restaurant after serving a search warrant on a nearby house. The officers were in the process of detaining a man Champommier was coming to meet.

Witnesses said that as Champommier started to drive away, he struck a sheriff’s deputy. Federal attorneys argued that DEA agent Peter LoPresti shot Champommier because he believed he was a threat. The sheriff’s deputy also fired his weapon.

And from the AP:

….They said Champommier drove his mom’s car to the parking lot to meet someone he befriended on a social networking website. The friend went looking for Champommier’s white Corolla and became a suspect when he looked into an agent’s light-colored vehicle, which had seized guns and drugs.

Agents were in the process of arresting the friend when the deputy approached the scene with his gun drawn.

Champommier’s parents claimed the deputy stepped in front of their son’s car and “vaulted” on top of its hood like a Hollywood stuntman.

Fitzgerald wrote that within two seconds of the “low-speed impact” of the collision, DEA agent Peter Taylor LoPresti fired through the driver side of the window from about 2 feet away, killing Champommier.

The judge noted that LoPresti “did not articulate at trial exactly how shooting the driver of a moving vehicle while another officer was on the hood would be helpful to the besieged officer.”

He found that five subsequent shots fired by LoPresti and the deputy “unquestionably lacked justification.”

Thom Mrozek, spokesman for the US Attorney’s office, said the government is considering an appeal.


Among my favorite tales about the gloriously talented and much-beloved crime and mystery writer Elmore Leonard, who died on Tuesday, has to do with the wonderful FX series, Justified, which is based on one of Leonard’s short stories called “Fire In the Hole.” It seems that Justified’s creator, Graham Yost, was so intent on the tone of the show remaining true to Leonard’s unique voice that he gave everyone on the writing and acting staff little blue rubber wristbands printed with WWED? “What Would Elmore Do?”

For aspiring writers—hell, for any writer—those four letters are a far better guide to good work than many graduate school degrees.

A master of the American crime thriller, Leonard’s novels raised crime writing to art.

His partly humorous, part deadly series “10 Rules for Writing,” written in 2001 for the New York Times, are worth noting:

1. Never open a book with weather.
2. Avoid prologues.
3. Never use a verb other than “said” to carry dialogue.
4. Never use an adverb to modify the verb “said”…he admonished gravely.
5. Keep your exclamation points under control. You are allowed no more than two or three per 100,000 words of prose.
6. Never use the words “suddenly” or “all hell broke loose.”
7. Use regional dialect, patois, sparingly.
8. Avoid detailed descriptions of characters.
9. Don’t go into great detail describing places and things.
10. Try to leave out the part that readers tend to skip.

Of the obits I’ve read thus far on Leonard, I recommend this one by mystery novel reviewer, Marilyn Stasio for the New York Times, and this one for The Daily Beast by Malcolm Jones…and this lovely essay about Leonard’s unbeatable sense of voice, by Joan Acocella for the New Yorker.


Now that challengers in the race for sheriff, Bob Olmsted, Paul Tanaka and Lou Vince, have been interviewed on KABC, it’s Pat Gomez’s turn.

Pat will be on Larry Elder Thursday at 5:14 pm, and on with Doug McIntyre on Monday at 7:15 am.

We will continue to try to keep you reasonably up-to-date on events related to the race for sheriff. If we miss something please let us know.

PS: For anyone who missed the various Larry Elder interviews, then—like me—noted that the podcasts are vexingly hidden behind a pay wall, for a mere $4.95 you can buy a monthly membership to Elder’s podcast club, and listen to talk from the three previous candidates. (But don’t forget to cancel your membership when the month is up if you don’t want it to auto renew.)


  • “he was reportedly directly threatened by one of the Burbank PD’s lieutenants who, according to the ruling, warned Dahlia, “Fuck with me and I will put a case on you.”

    Sounds alot like Sheriff Baca using intimidation, lack of promotion and transfers as tools for intimidation/retaliation.

    The good thing is…… the Fedral government and attorneys are now monitoring.

  • C: I have learned to read more carefully when reading Witla. So, before I cancel my subscription to Larry Elder what don’t you like about larry? LOL

    I hate when the courts come in and have to straighten out police organizations. I hate the 9th circuit even more! But, when we vote for and/or support crooks like Baca and Tanaka this going outside the group becomes necessary. This is just one more reason to look at the courage of Olmsted and Gomez! The 9th circuit got it right and we did it to ourselves. It’s sad when one thinks about all the ruined careers of many others who testified and got their lives altered forever. All this sacrifice and loss of life by so many members of our beloved LASD. I recall the day when the memorial plaques were moved from 1060 N. Eastern to STARS. All the ceremonies recalling that sacrifice and the hundreds of times you just stand there and pray for one of our fallen heroes! All this just for maniacal egos of Baca and Tanaka? Hell No! Come election day I won’t forget by George!

  • Wow, a Burbank Police Officer had to come to OUR department LASD to report retaliation??? This is just appalling, but should not be surprising at all. I hope things improve soon.

  • This entry will be a little long because it’s a proposal with a little history. For those of us that were around the Block/Baca contest, the memory can be only of tension and disappointment. It was a time, much like now, replete with disloyalty, press leaks, and brutal personal attacks. In business it would be described as a hostile takeover, once accomplished “blood in the halls” followed.
    We are now witnessing the same thing, only uglier because of the social media component. What is true now as was with Block, was that it was widely thought that Sherm had overstayed. He was asked if there was a plan B and said clearly “NO!” There were several executives immanently qualified to take the reins. No one or group of executives looked Block in the eye and delivered the message of we want new leadership. Herein is a proposal:

    Based in the premise that Sheriff Baca is past his time and needs to step away for the good of LASD.

    A group of past/present executives needs to look Sheriff Baca in the eye and say clearly, “it’s time Lee!”

    Sheriff Baca needs to retire and allow the Board of Supervisors to appoint a interim Sheriff.

    The Sheriff has not developed nor encouraged a successor.

    The three internal camps, Baca, Tanaka and Olmsted, will wage a very unproductive war given the existing circumstances. The Baca camp of the past waged an incredibly disloyal effort and started an ethical slide that is now in full view. We, past and present executives, need to force this election to a higher moral plateau.

    If Sheriff Baca dismisses the executive request then I think current staff is free to openly support whomever they want. It would be all above board, not a series of secret alliances and meetings as was with Baca’s first run.

    In conclusion I’d ask the present and past LASD staff to honestly consider the outcome of four more years of Lee Baca leadership. If you conclude that he has had his chance and that the need for change is here, then have the courage to speak out.

  • Reflection: If you truly are a current executive, then you are part of either the Baca or the Tanaka camp, and therefor in no position to discuss the productivity of the Olmsted campaign.

    For the record, Bob Olmsted is doing really well, and it is very easy to point out the two peas in the pod, Banaka, are responsible for the entire mess and need to exit stage left. The voters will take care of that in June of 2014, unless the feds beat them to the punch.

    Reflection, you can retire quietly now and cash your retirement checks meekly, since you are an enabler to the corruption of the status quo.

  • Reflection:

    You are so right! Even the current executives who support the Sheriff feel the same way. I think it’s finally setting in at SHQ. You will see many more of them breaking rank and supporting one of the challengers soon. The house is falling apart and all they have left is to retaliate against county employees. Not a good thing……and VERY illegal.

    I’m curious to see what will happen? 🙂

  • LATBG, I’m not in either the Baca or Tanaka camp, Baca needs to go and Tanaka would be the worst possible choice. Bob Olmsted is a solid candidate and is trying to take the high road. J. London, you’re right the odds of Tanaka doing the right thing are zero, Baca with the right persuasion, maybe slightly more than zero.
    LATBG, I meant no disrespect to the productivity of the Olmsted campaign, I know he’s(it’s) working very hard to get support and in a correct way. The task of defeating Baca is a tall & expensive effort. The addition of Tanaka in the mix serves to make the task even more difficult.

  • @ reflection….have heard this elsewhere, but for better or worse, any settlement has to be negotiated at the ballot box. That’s America sans corporate effciency or political exigency. We need to slug it out and acknowledge our 800 lb gorilla for what it is.

  • #5, An Acme Thunder Whistle? I had no idea! Now I’ll better differentiate. Thanks for the info! I just thought it was a cool looking whistle. Now I kinda want one.

  • It must be a fine line that the whistleblower walks. The old saying” your damed if you do and damed if you don’t” should be pined on the back of every employe of LASD.

    Our problem is that when our administrators screw up and they do, they do nothing but wait to see it they “get caught”. If the employe who knows of the incident does nothing, not wanting to be labeled a whistleblower, they are then investigated and asked, “Why didn’t you tell someone?” It is obvious that IA will not be your friend as we have seen in the past.

    We all see how Baca plays dumb about cases being brought against the department. I think that he believes if he doesn’t know of any situation, some how he gets a pass. My concern now is who is running the department now? It is not Baca, he has lost his mind.

    Come on elections…cant get here soon enough…

  • The whistleblower is in fact, a “dead-person walking”. There is no federal law, no state law, and no local law – nor is there any LASD policy (or policies) – that ACTUALLY protect any “Whistleblower”.

  • That “Code of Silence” ever so present in law enforcement will hopefully become a thing of the past.
    Makes you wonder how bad LAPD really rear-ended Christopher Dorner…

  • With all that said above, where in the World is Greg Thompson? What are Banaka and company doing to those guys?

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